The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight CET (23:00 GMT). A transitional period now applies until 31 December 2020. During this period, all EU rules and laws will continue to apply in the UK. For businesses or for the public, almost nothing changes. This will give everyone more time to prepare for the new agreements that the EU and the UK intend to conclude after 31 December 2020. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on 17 October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement.  The other 27 EU member states agree to allow the UK to postpone its withdrawal (the UK is expected to leave the EU on 29 March 2019). If the UK Parliament approves the Withdrawal Agreement by 29 September. Brexit will be postponed until May 22 to allow time for the necessary legislation to be passed. If the British Parliament has not approved the agreement by then, Brexit will be postponed to 12 April. This facilitates cooperation in the fields of justice and home affairs. In concrete terms, this means that both sides, for example within Europol, will continue to cooperate closely in the fight against crime and in the fight against money laundering, cross-border crime and terrorism. In addition, the agreement regulates the mutual exchange of data, such as passenger data or criminal records.
All this is done in accordance with the European Convention on Human Rights and data protection standards comparable to those of the EU. This time, the two sides fail to make progress on a long-standing disagreement over truck drivers` rights after Brexit, with Barnier expressing surprise at the UK debate over the loss of transport rights after Brexit, stressing that any future access would depend on the adoption of EU standards on freight forwarders` working hours and other regulations. After some forced changes to May`s Chequers plan at the request of the EU, a 599-page draft of the Withdrawal Agreement has been published, which includes a draft backstop that has angered both the DUP and Conservative Brexiters. Despite conflicting results in the polls in the run-up to the EU referendum, most commentators expected the British to choose to remain in the European Union. While the counting was still ongoing, UKIP`s NIGEL Farage said it looked like “Staying will surpass it”. 23 January 2020 – Now that the UK government has a majority in Parliament to pass the EU Withdrawal Act before the call for Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union expires on 31 January 2020, the risk of the UK leaving the EU without a new trade deal (a no-deal outcome) is no longer imminent. However, it cannot be completely ignored. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement. It provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020 during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland.
On the 22nd. In October 2019, the House of Commons voted by 329 votes to 299 to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable he proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be suspended.   The new relationship will only become clear at the end of the negotiations, at the end of the transition period. The new agreements will enter into force after the transitional period, which ends on 31 December 2020. EU countries must first accept these new agreements. If the UK and the EU fail to reach an agreement, there will be a no-deal Brexit. This will happen at the end of the transition period. The transitional period shall not be extended. The UK has said it does not want an extension. The option of an extension has been included in the Withdrawal Agreement. The UK and the EU had until 1 July 2020 to agree on a possible extension. On the same day, Johnson threw a big wrench into the work by trying to override parts of the Brexit withdrawal agreement previously agreed with his own Single Market Act, which “will remove the legal force of parts of the withdrawal agreement”.
The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulations and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242 and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On October 22, 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government took the first step in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval program failed to find the necessary support, announcing his intention to call a general election.  On the 23rd. In January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement Act; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament gave its consent to the Withdrawal Agreement.
It was then finalised by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. The Special Protocol for Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland Protocol) annexed to the Withdrawal Agreement ensures that the integrity of the EU`s internal market is maintained; At the same time, it guarantees that there will be no border controls between Ireland and Northern Ireland and that the Good Friday Agreement remains fully in force. The Protocol provides that Northern Ireland will remain part of the customs territory of the United Kingdom, but that all relevant provisions of the EU internal market in Northern Ireland and the Union Customs Code apply. The controls and collection of customs duties that this will entail will take place, inter alia, at the points of entry of the island of Ireland into Northern Ireland. In December 2020, the European Commission and the United Kingdom agreed to postpone the start of certain controls for several months. 30 January 2019 – On 24 January 2019, the Italian Ministry of Economy and Finance (“MEF”) issued a press release announcing that the Italian government had taken a number of necessary measures to ensure the full continuity of financial markets if the United Kingdom left the European Union without an agreement. Johnson is issuing an ultimatum to negotiators in which he says Britain and Europe must agree on a post-Brexit trade deal by Oct. 15, or Britain will leave without a deal. The next day, the notice was published.
The question was: `What is the legal effect of the United Kingdom`s acceptance of the Protocol to the Withdrawal Agreement on Ireland and Northern Ireland, in particular its effect in conjunction with Articles 5 and 184 of the Main Withdrawal Agreement?` The Council said: The agreement still needs to be approved by the 27 EU countries, the UK and the European Parliament. EU ambassadors will review the agreement following a meeting of the Committee of Permanent Representatives of member state governments (Coreper) on 25 December. .